Heat and social vulnerability in Greater Manchester: a risk-response case study


Aleksandra Kazmierczak


Under the changing climate, temperatures in Greater Manchester are projected to rise. This may be particularly dangerous to people and communities considered to be vulnerable to excessive heat: those in poor health, young or old age, and those isolated from others because of cultural differences or insufficient access to social networks. Analysing the risk and understanding the spatial variations in vulnerability will allow policy-makers to develop adaptation responses tailored to the needs of certain communities and different sorts of risk across Greater Manchester. This EcoCities report provides this analysis as well as recommends suitable adaption options.

Firstly, it explores the risk that high temperatures pose to vulnerable communities in Greater Manchester. Secondly, the report investigates a number of adaptation responses relating to changing land cover, retrofitting buildings, providing ‘cooling centres’ and involving emergency services and the voluntary sector. Thirdly, a neighbourhood-level case study is provided in order to discuss the risks and adaptation responses at finer spatial scale. The concluding remarks pull together these strands to offer a set of key messages relating to the data produced that will assist policy-makers and other interested bodies in developing appropriate adaptation responses to the risks and hazards that higher temperatures may inflict on the most vulnerable members of our society.